AbstractUrban regeneration projects have been considered as the major catalyst to revitalize deprived urban areas socially and economically. Proposing area-based comprehensive urban regeneration strategies are emphasized global wide. Many researches confirmed that urban renewal priority areas should be based on physical environment and the economic, social needs of local residents, the sustainability of regional development in order to ensure long-term benefits for the whole area. In Taiwan, although the idea of area-based regeneration projects has been advocated by many researchers, in practical, the main considerations for designating “priority areas” regulated by the current Urban Renewal Act 1999 are still dominating the decision making process. Blight areas bigger than one-block in size with worse deprived social and physical environment, or listed historical buildings are recommended for designation.
Since 1999, there has been over 300 urban renewal projects proposed in Taiwan, but most are small-scale private sector-led housing development projects. It has further resulted in issues such as gentrification, housing affordability and social conflicts between rich and poor. In 2009, the central government has announced 30 priority areas promote urban regeneration. However, the criteria for designation include large area of public lands, major facilities and historic heritages. Clearly, the government is still based on the current status and easiness of implementation to designate the priority areas without taking into account the future demands, social–economic trends, and possible benefits from the regional development perspectives.
Hence, this study intends to use fuzzy Delphi and fuzzy analytical hierarchy process to identify evaluating criteria in terms of the physical environment, social and economic development potential, the future investment returns and other factors for designating urban renewal priority areas. A series expert survey will be conducted to confirm designated principles and establish urban renewal area prioritizing weight indicators framework as an assessment tool. This study is expected to provide recommendations for future legal and policy amendments of urban regeneration in Taiwan.
|Date of Award||2013|
|Supervisor||Tzu-Yuan Chao (Supervisor)|