Population ageing has become one of the emerging issues in the world due to the advanced science, public health, medical knowledge, and technology in the past Century. Many Western countries have entered so called “aged-society” while other countries are speeding up the ageing process. It is inevitable that the Twenty-First Century will be the millennium of ageing and researches have confirmed that “ageing-in-place” will be a better living arrangement for older population. This trend results in that the former purpose-built facilities, private care institution for instance, will be replaced or transformed to the neighborhood-based community service for the local residence. Hence, how to create a more suitable and coherent living environment instead of living units for elderly at a larger spatial scale is essential. Also, it is worth to further explore whether present general community living environment, as to most elderly people, is friendly. Accordingly, based on the literature review of older population’s characteristics, behavior patterns and living demands, this research further takes the age-friendly city guide proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a blueprint to explore the possibility of delivering age-friendly community in Taiwan. A set of assessment elements for age-friendly community physical environment is drafted and examined by the two-phase quantitative method, fuzzy Delphi in the first phase and fuzzy AHP in the second. Fourteen experts from academic, design practice, and social care practice fields were interviewed and undertaken the survey. The preliminary result of the two-phase field work eliminated four elements and established the three-tier indicator system with three primary indicators, six factors, and eighteen elements. A case study was also conducted in this research. Guangci Community in Taipei, the very first mixed-use community for older residents proposed by the city government, is selected as the site. Several improvement suggestions are proposed after the evaluation for the site including improvement of pedestrian walking space, and increase various types of service and relocation the service center, etc. The indicator system could provide a tool to assess the age-friendly level of the physical environment in communities and identify the urgency for improvement, furthermore to assist to deliver an age-friendly community in Taiwan.
|Date of Award||2010|
|Supervisor||Tzu-Yuan Chao (Supervisor)|