This paper outlines the three periods of Xu Xu’ creative life , including the Shanghai period (1933-1941 , 1946-1950) ,the Chongqing period (1942-1944 ) and the Hong Kong period (1950-1980 ). Inspire by time and space ,this paper makes synchronic and diachronic study of Xu Xu’s fiction. Exploring differences and relevant points between three periods and contrasting with the early period and upper period of Xu Xu’s writing. Through three periods of this discussion, can be a clear thread of thought to grant Xu Xu an adequate position and an impartial evaluation in 20th century Chinese history of literature.
Key words: Xu Xu, Ghost love , Rustling wind ,The wandering
From 1930s to 1980s, Xu Xu’s writing career lasted almost fifty years who leaving voluminous bodies of work in fiction, poetry ,prose, drama and literary criticism. Lin Yutang had a very high opinion of Xu Xu’s fiction, he said ”Of the authors of short stories, the works of Lu Hsun, Shen Tsung-wen, Feng wen-ping(less well-known)and Hsu Yu are the best.” Generally speaking , the study in the past analyzes the structures and forms, background ,image of characters ,fine art skill and strategy use of Xu Xu’s fiction.
The author outlines the three periods of XuXu’ creative life , the Shanghai period ,the Chongqing period and the Hong Kong period—in the context of the historical and geographical background of each period. Through connecting with his fiction which were written from the 1930s to 1950s, we can find how his texts construct the images of Shanghai in his latter writings such as “Ghost Love” and “Rustling wind”. “Rustling wind” created a great sensation, even made the year titled as “The Year of Xu Xu (1943).” “Rustling wind” constructs the images of Shanghai period, makes the feeling of Intellectual in concession. At last went to religion to get the detachment of life and soul, so as to delves into philosophical and metaphysical thought of Xu Xu's fiction.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
In this study, the author uses the text analysis method to study and discuss Xu-Xu’s fiction.This research aims to detect how literature and regionalism influence each other in Xu Xu's fiction such as “Ghost love” , “Rustling wind’’ and “The wandering.”
To emphasize on the vision of textual analysis of the Shanghai period , the Chongqing period and the Hong Kong period. Step by step ,through synchronic and diachronic study of Xu Xu’s fiction , which will re-locate Xu Xu's status in contemporary literature history.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Chapter Two : The Shanghai Period (1933-1941 , 1946-1950)
This chapter has three basic phases of XuXu’ Shanghai period, including fontiers of Shanghai period, Shanghai isolated-island period and late Shanghai period. I mainly focus on narrative style and characters shaping of "The goddess of Arabian sea" ,“Ghost love” , “Threnody of the psychiatric patient”, “Fantastic dream of English Channel” and “Gypsy enticement”. Research on Xu Xu’’s central idea about freedom and platonic love during the Shanghai period.
Chapter Three : The Chongqing Period (1942-1944 )
First , this chapter focuses on the debate between eight-part essay and romantic literature in 1940s. Analyze of performed on the colors used in "Rustling wind", especially in terms of the depictions of characters and scenes. Then research on the canonization of "Rustling wind" in 1990s.Finally, this chapter also delves into philosophical thoughts of "Rustling wind" .
Chapter Four :The Hong Kong Period (1950-1980 )
Xu Xu's emigrating experience in 1950s that effects on his character and writing in Hong Kong period. Xu Xu had already changed love theoretical model. He used the image of dancer's walking stick ,which called love into question. His hope was so high he had been doomed to disappointment. Therefore his writing was trying to approach universe in harmony realm, such as "The other side" ,"Time and tide" and "The wandering".
According to previous studies, which focused on discussion of Xu Xu’s fiction of the Shanghai period the Chongqing period and the Hong Kong period. The main purpose of this paper is not only to fill the vacancy of previous studies, but also to add in synchronic and diachronic study of Xu Xu’s fiction to discuss. The results is different from previous research. After analysis, the reader can understand that Xu Xu's central idea about platonic love of the Shanghai period. At last, his fiction creation changed from romance to “the other side”. His artistic creativity reached a peak by “The Wandering” in the Hong Kong period. Xu Xu extremely concern about the process of a religious conversion in his whole life. Finally he found inner peace through writing about life experience. Under the premise that the author combines with his creative process from the perspective of time, showing the conection and differences of each period.
|Date of Award||2015|
|Supervisor||Wei-Zhen Su (Supervisor)|