鄭寶娟的家國與跨國書寫研究

Translated title of the thesis: Research on Pao-Chuan Cheng's Homeland and Cross-Cultural Writing
  • Yi-Ling Chen

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

The Chinese overseas literature of the 1990s is noted for its expansion of the creative boundaries of its time. This study focuses on the modes of writing and thinking within the multicultural, special-temporal, and historical encounters of the France-based Chinese writer Pao-Chuan Cheng. We consider Cheng’s work both on a general level and in detail, focusing on such cross-cultural themes as the Chinese community in France, the sisterhood among Chinese women, and the dislocating effect of exposure to foreign cultures. We also address Cheng’s observations and discourses regarding European society and world affairs.
Cheng’s writing on the Chinese community in France prominently foregrounds a homeland conscience via her identification of differences between Chinese and foreign cultures, particularly in her novels “these and those people” and “transitional marriages.” Through her imagined homeland and nostalgia for her experience as an international student, Cheng’s writing shows ample evidence of her “Chinese obsession,” in particular because it pertains to the sisterhood among Chinese women who marry into French families. This recognition in her work of the particularities of their experience provides opportunities for an investigation of such disparate themes as the relation to one’s homeland, the occidental world, fatherhood, and feminism as well as the construction in her multinational experience of distinct national images of China, Taiwan, and France.
Also covered in this study is Pao-Chuan Cheng’s travel and cultural writing. By outlining the esthetic postulates underpinning her text as well as investigating her travelling locations and itinerary, the erudite and argumentative stances characteristic of her best writing will be analyzed. As a counterbalance, this study also explores Pao-Chuan Cheng’s dialogue with French culture and her adopted multicultural postures in addition to examining her resistance to technology. In her struggle between notions of “hospitality” and “hostility,” Cheng creates an expressive space both for her homeland conscience and for her engagement with her own and others’ cross-cultural experience. Cheng gazes at her country and nation with a refined sensibility while imbuing her observations on travel with a more romantic feel. Running counter to these renderings is her doubt-laced assessment of technologic civilization. Pao-Chuan Cheng’s homeland and cross-cultural writing expands the possibilities present in the Chinese overseas literature.
Date of Award2012
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
SupervisorMei-Tzu Tsai (Supervisor)

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