A smart city perspective towards the development of disaster awareness framework

  • 王 諾兒

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


Regardless of regions or countries disaster has been a major devastating threat to the human society Even a single hazard can bring tremendous causality to the people households living environment and economic growth Due to the complex nature of current disasters the collaboration of disaster-related stakeholders requires a new thinking that integrates the cross-domain demands of data technology and policy Following the innovated concept of the smart city this paper proposes the development of disaster awareness framework for the generation management and dissemination of alert information in order to enhance the resilience awareness and preparedness towards the disaster threat The framework is composed of four tier respectively developed to suffice different needs including; (1) sensor tier which is responsible for monitoring reality and updating observation from sensors deployed at critical facilities (2) data distribution tier which is responsible for collecting and distributing a variety of hazard-related information between responsible stakeholders; (3) decision support tier which is responsible for examining the continuously updated situations for making emergency decisions; and (4) alert tier which is responsible for informing and warning citizens who living in the area under threats The whole framework is built upon the collaboration of different stakeholders including data provider decision maker experts representative citizens and EOC Since the cross-domain stakeholders participate in data sharing and alert issuing the heterogeneity obstacles must be removed Standardized web interface oabservations (OGC SOS) and alert messages (CAP) are introduced to facilitate the interoperable sharing of required information We use simulated disaster data from TERIA and hazard potential dataset to test the proposed architecture By using the simulated disaster data the critical location choice service area and route analysis can be successfully generated approached by disaster scenario and its impact analysis Before and after comparison of the impact analysis proves the suggested route provided by the system effectively reduce the travel time for required alert information and evacuation plan The use of SOS web service interface assists sharing mechanism between disaster-related stakeholders by registering storing and retrieving the sensor and sensor observation to/from the web service with standardized request In addition the possibility template derived from CAP standards assists the decision maker in minimizing the involvement of human being for conducting the real-time observation Such that the proposed architecture proves that adopting smart city concept in term of assisting the interaction of cross-domain stakeholders by following standards using the advanced technologies e g sensor web enables to support the development of disaster awareness
Date of Award2018 Feb 22
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorJung-Hong Hong (Supervisor)

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