A Study on Comparing Design Behavior of Novice and Expert in Design Process

  • 陳 彥婷

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


The importance of design is increasing in many industries To some extent the design process could dominate the outcome of the design It is generally known that expert and novice designers work in different ways and also have various behaviors during the design process In order to have a better understanding of how they behave during the design process the objective of this paper is to explore the differences between experts and novices in their behaviors The study adopted a protocol method to examine the sequence of the design phases and design activities along with the amount of time spent and the number of occurrences The results are revealed by protocol analysis with sequence maps and quantitative data It should be noted that although the paths of experts and novices were both iterative they were executed in different ways The experts are able to make definitions earlier than the novices and having stable performances afterward The novices tend to return to early phases all the time because they lack the confidence that experts have The doubt of themselves influences the behaviors of the novices Additionally experts could spend more time on the Design phase than novices because they can evaluate the problems more precisely based on their experience and knowledge The outcomes of this paper provide new insights for not only designers themselves but also educators and team managers of companies
Date of Award2020
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorHsi-Jen Chen (Supervisor)

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