Alkali Earth Metal Oxide Solid Solution as Heterogeneous Catalyst for Tranesterification in Biodiesel Production

  • 羅 文詩

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Through the years the demand for renewable sources of energy increases significantly as we are facing serious problems with safety hazards air and land pollution global warming and many other ecological complications Biodiesel is an alternative diesel fuel derived from animal fats or vegetable oils It is purely biodegradable non-toxic and sustainable Biodiesel is made from the process called transesterification wherein animal fats or vegetable oils (triglyceride) are mixed with alcohol and with an aid of a catalyst will produce biodiesel and glycerol For this study we focused our research on the catalyst a heterogeneous basic catalyst to be specific One of the drawbacks of using basic catalyst is the low biodiesel yield due to soap formation and lack of reusability due to serious problems of leaching The goal was to develop a catalyst that will hinder soap formation and leaching during transesterification We also wanted to determine the effects of single-phase versus two-phase oxides using CaxSr1-xO system In this study we performed three various methods for catalyst synthesis – Co-Precipitation (CP) Solid State Sintering (SSS) and Polymer Complex Method (PCM) It was found out that PCM is the best method for synthesizing a high purity and homogeneous sample due to atoms mixed atomistically rather than just surface reactions for solid state sintering PCM offers more purity than co-precipitation since the chelating agent catches the cations which ensures random mixing and homogeneity Single phase Ca0 2Sr0 8O exhibited the highest yield amongst all the catalysts However the two-phase system has stabilized the yield within its range Leaching was also decreased within the two-phase region as well as the particle size of the catalysts It was also found out that Sr(OH)2 contributes significantly to the biodiesel conversion
Date of Award2017 Aug 29
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorShih-kang Lin (Supervisor)

Cite this

Alkali Earth Metal Oxide Solid Solution as Heterogeneous Catalyst for Tranesterification in Biodiesel Production
文詩, 羅. (Author). 2017 Aug 29

Student thesis: Master's Thesis