Attitude towards Caring for Hospitalized Older People Among Nurses in Indonesia

  • 薩 法拉

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


BACKGROUND: Advanced age has been identified as the most important risk factor associated with frailty and high use of health and social services especially hospital services Direct care and attention level from nurses shown to be one major type of health care that can improve depressed psychophysiological functioning caused by medical interventions While delivering care nurses can express either a positive or negative attitude A good attitude comforts patients and reduces depression resulting in a positive effect on their treatment and affecting the patients’ length of stay and satisfaction during hospitalization Providing an initial description on attitude towards caring for hospitalized older people and its related factors among nurses might be a solution to bring attention to this issue on part of nursing directors in order to improve the healthcare environment for older people AIM: The purpose of this research is to identify attitude towards caring for the elderly and its related factors among nurses in Indonesia METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted from February to March of 2016 A quota sample of 160 nurses was recruited from Kariadi Hospital Central Java Indonesia Attitudes towards caring for older people were assessed by using the Multifactorial Attitude Questionnaire (MAQ) Data analysis included descriptive statistics the Pearson’s and Spearman correlation a t-test and ANOVA and a multiple linear regression RESULTS: This study found that the overall MAQ score was 71 68 ±6 39 The mean scores for each dimension of the MAQ were 13 66 ±2 51 in ageism 14 99 ±2 33 in learning environment 13 79 ±1 68 in working environment 14 53 ±2 01 in professional esteem and 14 69 ±1 79 in specialist status In general Indonesian nurses received higher scores compared to nurses in other countries There were some factors correlated to attitude towards caring for older people: the type of ward (F = 8 86 p <0 001) age (r = 24 p = 002) education level (F = 3 07 p = 049) marital status (F = 7 35 p < 001) the nurse level (F = 11 80 p < 001) and length of work (r = 18 p = 026) Nurses working in the geriatric ward older nurses married nurses nurses with higher educational levels and higher nurse level tend to be associated with a more positive attitude In addition the correlated factors were significantly explained the attitude towards caring for older people by 12% of the MAQ variance in the multiple regression and two of the five variables that were included (type of ward and age) were statistically significant CONCLUSION: This study showed the current nurses’ attitude towards caring for older people in Indonesia as well as the important factors correlated with their attitudes towards caring for older people This study also suggested conducting further research using the same questionnaire covering broader characteristics of the sample to provide further evidence in developing an attitude improvement program in order to improve the care of older people
Date of Award2016 Aug 3
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorChing-Min Chen (Supervisor)

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