The purposes of this study include understanding the status of body image, influential factors of body image among junior high school students, and the effectiveness of teaching intervention to enhance the students’ body image. This study involved five sets of scales including internalization of social standard, awareness of support from significant others, awareness of criticism of body shape from significant others, body image/satisfaction, and self-esteem. Eight intact classes of 214 junior high school students in Tainan city participated in the study. In the first phase, structural equation modeling was used to analyze the model fit to investigate if social standard, awareness of support and criticism from significant others have effects on body image/satisfaction and self-esteem. In the second phase, the study included pretest, teaching intervention, posttest and two follow-up tests. The findings are as follows: First, junior high school students are most dissatisfied with their heights and weights. Second, the model is fit so that social standard, awareness support from significant others, and awareness criticism of body shape from significant others have effects on body image/satisfaction and self-esteem. Third, after the teaching intervention with pre-test scores as covariates, the experimental and the control group have significant difference in body areas satisfaction, internalization of social standard and self-esteem. Implications for the teachers and researchers are also presented.
|Date of Award||2016|
|Supervisor||偉明 陸 (Supervisor)|
- Body image
- Internalization of social standard
- Awareness support from significant others
- Awareness criticism of body shape from significant others