Development of a novel in vivo target cloning system for long DNA fragment in bacteria

  • 謝 堉文

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


High-throughput sequencing technologies have made it possible to study bacteria through analyzing their genome sequences By analyzing bacterial genomes we can discover foreign genomic regions in the bacteria and they might horizontally transfer from other bacteria which are defined as genomic islands The lengths of the genomic islands are often longer than 50 kb PCR enables target cloning however it is beyond the limitation of PCR to amplify such a long DNA fragment Here we aim to develop an easy method to clone a large DNA fragment in in vivo which is necessary to handle the genomic islands In bacteria a suicide plasmid is generally used for gene replacement to delete a region from the chromosome The suicide plasmid contains an upstream region of target region to be cloned an antibiotic marker and a downstream region of that Through the double-crossing over process the antibiotic marker originally located on the plasmid will be replaced with the region to be deleted on the chromosome via homologous recombination The popped-out circular DNA is carrying the targeted region but is non-replicable in the bacterial cell Then we send the popped-out circular DNA to E coli by conjugation to rescue it as a plasmid containing target region Finally the plasmid can be maintained in E coli for further manipulation For the aim I constructed a suicide plasmid vector and an E coli strain to maintain the plasmid To validate this in vivo cloning method we targeted a 40 kb genomic island SPI-2 encoding type III secretion machinery from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and a 70 kb fragment encoding non-ribosomal peptide synthase in Pseudomonas cichorii Briefly the suicide plasmid was integrated into target region through homologous recombination and then conjugation was carried out to rescue the popped out plasmid to E coli As the result we obtained several E coli colonies harboring the long targeted DNA fragment PCR analysis showed that the rescued plasmid contains the target region Complementation of ΔSPI-2 mutant of Salmonella strain by using the plasmid cloning SPI-2 region showed the cloned SPI-2 was functional Taken together the easy in vivo cloning system by using single suicide plasmid was developed which allowed to clone at least 70 kb DNA fragment
Date of Award2016 Sept 1
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorChing-Hao Teng (Supervisor) & Masayuki Hashimoto (Supervisor)

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