Diachronic development and synchronic distribution of Mandarin Chinese f? and [y? f? (CL) + X] construction—From the perspective of the constructionist approach

  • 劉 忠信

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the diachronic development and synchronic distribution of Mandarin Chinese f? and [y? f? (CL) + X] construction from a constructional perspective The theoretical frameworks adopted in this thesis are grammatical constructionalization and lexical constructionalization (Traugott & Trousdale 2013) and semantic prosody (Sinclair 1996) We use these two theoretical concepts to conduct qualitative analysis and quantitative statistics The linguistic data are collected from Academia Sinica Ancient Chinese Corpus Academic Sinica Balanced Corpus of Modern Chinese and the online E-newspapers There are three research directions in this thesis: (1) Exploring the diachronic evolution of f? and [y? f? (CL) + X] construction (2) Analyzing [y? f? (CL) + X] construction quantitatively (3) Revealing the motivations and mechanisms of the constructional change for f? and [y? f? (CL) + X] construction The findings of this study are as follows: (1) Mandarin Chinese f? underwent the phonetic change of p? and f? in Archaic Chinese period (2) The verb form of Mandarin Chinese f? evolves into the adjective form and the idiomatic usage pattern (3) The classifier system of Mandarin Chinese f? is derived from the noun form (4) The semantic prosody for [y? f? (CL) + X] construction has negative inclination with the evolution in diachronic development with subjective stance (5) Grammatical and lexical constructionalizations in Mandarin Chinese f? and [y? f? (CL) + X] construction reveal the non-linear and gradual constructional changes (6) The quantitative analysis shows that high frequency of use is a pivotal element in the conventionalization and the root of constructional schema for f? and [y? f? (CL) + X] construction (7) Schematicity productivity and compositionality play the crucial roles in the constructional change for grammatical and lexical constructionalizations From the research results in this thesis we can know that the subjectivity in human cognition leads to grammatical and lexical constructionalizations and the negative tendency for semantic prosody in [y? f? (CL) + X] construction
Date of Award2018 Feb 9
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorShelley Ching-yu Hsieh (Supervisor)

Cite this

Diachronic development and synchronic distribution of Mandarin Chinese f? and [y? f? (CL) + X] construction—From the perspective of the constructionist approach
忠信, 劉. (Author). 2018 Feb 9

Student thesis: Master's Thesis