Evaluation of tourism water footprint in Taiwan

  • 許 靖梅

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Tourism development requires the consumption of water resources which may aid to the water shortage situation for certain destinations The concept of water footprint (WF) can help to assess the direct water consumption at the tourism industry and the indirect water consumption through supply chains The measurement of tourism water footprint provides a vehicle to demonstrate the sustainability level between tourism development and local water resources Taiwan experienced substantial expansion in both inbound and domestic tourism since 2008 while this destination faces constant water shortage situation However the knowledge between tourism development and water consumption is rarely available The purpose of this research is to make a longitudinal comparison of these two factors using water footprint concept based on the environmentally extended input–output model The results showed that 1) the water efficiency level increased in most of the industries in Taiwan but not the tourism related sectors; 2) Between 2006 and 2010 total visitor spending exhibited a growth rate of 26 5% but lead to a 120% growth rate in total water footprint In addition all types of visitors showed an increasing level of water consumption per dollar expenditure; 3) The water footprint in Taiwan consists mainly of indirect water consumption as the agriculture sector being the major contributor The reason for the increased size of the water footprint was mainly due to the changing tourists’ preferences toward food-related consumption; 4) Finally domestic tourism was the largest contributor in direct water footprint in 2006 but was replaced by the inbound tourism in 2010 Moreover inbound tourism is the largest contributor in indirect water footprint for both years
Date of Award2014 Sep 3
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorYa-Yen Sun (Supervisor)

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