How does Incongruence of Employee Perception of CSR Contribute to Employee Outcome in Mobile Telecom Industry:The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction

  • 鍾 承耘

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has emerged as an important topic for corporations worldwide Facing highly competitive markets mobile telecommunications corporations strive to portray a picture of themselves as highly socially responsible Employees are important stakeholders and assets of any corporation so considerable attention has been paid to the importance of employees in the CSR literature Incongruence of employee perception of CSR (ICSR) could reduce the accuracy of the impact of corporations’ CSR strategies; in turns it can also negatively affect employees’ organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) which is closely connected with corporate performance The aim of this study is to examine how the ICSR of mobile telecommunications corporations influences the level of employees’ OCB Based on social identity theory and social exchange theory this study models ICSR as an antecedent of OCB by considering the two constructs job satisfaction and job engagement The extent of and the causal relationships among the constructs in the research model are empirically examined with the data collected via a self-administered questionnaire survey from 288 mobile telecommunications employees in Taiwan Descriptive statistics analysis and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) are respectively conducted to provide a basic summary of the sample data and to examine the discrepancies among the hypotheses and the empirical data in order to test whether the proposed theoretical model fits the empirical data ANOVA is used to examine whether the job satisfaction and job engagement levels of respondents vary with their demographic characteristics Subsequently structural equation modeling (SEM) is applied to test the causal model and determine the relationships among the constructs In addition the mediation role of job satisfaction on the relationship between ICSR and job engagement and between ICSR and OCB is investigated in this research The results of the study are summarized as follows: At a level of statistical significance ICSR negatively influences job satisfaction job engagement and OCB; job satisfaction positively influences job engagement and job engagement positively influences OCB However the relationship between job satisfaction and OCB is found to be insignificant A comparison of the standardized path coefficients reveals that ICSR has the strongest impact on OCB followed by job engagement and job satisfaction It is found that job satisfaction partially mediates between ICSR and job engagement and that job satisfaction and job engagement serially partially mediate between ICSR and OCB Further the ANOVA results reveal that the job satisfaction and job engagement levels of the respondents vary significantly with their demographic characteristics Finally managerial suggestions are provided for mobile telecommunications corporations in terms of reducing incongruence of employee perception of CSR in order to possibly increase employee OCB
Date of Award2016 Sep 6
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorChun-Hsiung Liao (Supervisor)

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