AbstractCarbon dioxide emissions from maritime shipping are estimated to be 10.46 hundred million tons in 2007, which is 3.3% of the global total. According to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) (2009), 90% of world trades depend on international shipping industry. Along with the world economy grows, the greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions from ships and ports will become more critical. Thus, IMO proposed three measures－technical measures, operational measures, and market-based reduction measures in 2009 to improve shipping energy efficiency and to reduce GHGs emissions.
The Port of Kaohsiung, the largest international port of Taiwan, encompasses five container terminals and processes an annual handling capacity of 10 million TEU. Hence, we want to know first about the discharged amount of carbon dioxide from the Kaohsiung Harbor during the last decade. And then the effects of potential CO2 reductions were estimated by assuming that three reduction measures proposed by IMO were applied to the Kaohsiung Harbor.
This study shows that current domestic laws and regulations on port are mainly preventing air pollution, rather than specific GHGs emissions. Therefore, we reviewed and introduced the related regulations in other countries. Many strategies, which have been adopted worldwide to manage carbon dioxide emissions on marine vessels or ports, were also presented. Especially, the highly effective measure of shoreside power was assessed the effectiveness on applying to the Kaohsiung Harbor.
Keywords: greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide reduction, shoreside power, port, vessel
|Date of Award||2010|
|Supervisor||Zsu-Hsin Chuang (Supervisor)|