Studies on Conductive Copper Paste with Low Curing Temperature

  • 郭 承儒

Student thesis: Master's Thesis


In technology of manufacturing the electrically conductive paste the electrically conductive metallic powder is the key For the electrically conductive paste in addition to gold and silver powder that is often applied as the electrically conductive powder other metallic powder with lower price like copper nickel or aluminum powder play a secondary role Among those metals silver is applied most extensively In recent years since the price of the precious metals soars the cost of the electrically conductive pastes raises as well Therefore it has become a trend to replace the electrical paste made of the precious metals by the low-cost electrically conductive metallic powder in the future This paper discusses utilization of Gal Tiffany displacement reaction to make and prepare silver-coated copper powder which is then made as metallic powder with low sintering temperature and low electrically conductivity rate The nano-silver on the surface is employed as the adhesive to contact the metallic copper powder so that the contact resistance value can be reduced Then the copper powder is sintered under 300℃ in no reducing atmosphere while the nano-silver on the surface is sintered until it is in the melting status to cover the copper powder before it oxidize Such methods can prevent oxidation of the copper powder have the copper powder fill the gaps and holes extensively raise the electrically conductivity rate and significantly decrease the sintering temperature To sum up by exerting the chemical substitution reaction to separate out the silver for growing on the copper particles the conductive paste made by covering the copper powder with silver is characterized with the following advantages: 1 the overall conductivity raises; 2 the copper inside will not oxidize; 3 the cost is lower than the silver's; 4 good electromigration resistance; 5 after copper is covered by the nano-silver it can be sintered under low temperature without getting oxidized The copper paste's conductivity will increase as the sintering temperature raises On the other side the conductivity of the copper paste sintered with low temperature reduces remarkably due to partial 「Non-conductive resin」 as shown in Table 1 This research aims to raise the conductivity of the copper paste sintered with low temperature as well as overcoming the difficulty of overcoming the restriction of making copper paste merely in nitrogen It is thus expected to obtain "super low temperature high conductivity and low stress print-based copper electrode" sintered in air at low temperature In our experiment we tested the mole ratio of four kinds of silver nitrate and metallic copper powder respectively: a 0 0058 : 0 0786 b 0 0117 : 0 0786 c 0 0176 : 0 0786 d 0 0235 : 0 0786 When the mole ratio of silver nitrate and the metallic copper powder is 0 0235 : 0 0786 nano-silver's coverage rate achieves the highest; that is the nano-silver covering structure is formed with the coverage rate more than 90% In this experiment two solution are used including deionized water and EG The former reacts too fast upon changing the solution unable to produce an even nano-silver covered metallic copper powder surface In contrast the latter can slow down the displacement reaction rate and it is characterized with the effect of dispersant without adding any dispersant so that it is not very influential on the silver covered copper powder in our experiment The best reaction time of the whole experiment is around 90 minutes which is sufficient enough for the silver particles to reduction reaction and form the nano-silver structure on the surface of the metallic copper powder In addition from the analysis of the surface content and SEM results it is learned that following the displacement reaction of silver ion and copper ion the nano-silver coverage proportion reaches more than 90% In other words the copper particles are covered by the complete nano-silver structure Then the nano-silver covered copper powder with the optimal coverage rate is mixed as the silver-covered copper paste printed on the oxidized aluminum for sintering Under the optimal experimental conditions the sheet resistance value 5 7x10-3Ω/□ and the resistance rate 5 468x10-5Ω·cm are obtained Contrary to other silver paste sintered with low temperature in the market our experiment successfully obtains the silver-covered copper paste with high conductivity through low-temperature low-cost and low-stress printing process
Date of Award2015 Aug 26
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorWen-Shi Lee (Supervisor)

Cite this