Studying ER Medical Error to the Design of Training Interventions for Novice Nurses

  • 賴 學儀

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

Emergency (ER) departments are a particularly error-prone treatment setting in which ER novice nurses are a group at high risk of generating medical errors This study investigated the occurrence of ER medical errors to design innovative training interventions for novice nurses First by using a system approach we examined active and latent errors to investigate the causes of common ER medical errors and then analyzed deficiencies in current training programs The results were used to design innovative training interventions for mitigating medical errors that occur in ER settings Semistructured interviews with 34 ER nurses (15 preceptors and 19 novice nurses) were conducted to determine extant medical errors occurring in ER departments Subsequently content analysis was performed on the collected interview texts and data The research results were then analyzed according to the characteristics of medical errors and four categories of medical errors were identified: (1)medication error (2)error in sample submission for testing (3)delay in treating and forgetting to treat deteriorating patients (4)error in equipment and tube setting Among these types of errors medication error occurred the most frequently In terms of active errors medication error most frequently occurred in the form of skill-based error of omission followed by skill-based error of commission It means novice nurse often forget to obey “five rights” before executing order The occurrence of these errors attributes to latent error including excessive psychological precursors and rash working atmosphere In terms of error in sample submission for testing involved skill-based error of omission and rule-based error of omission The former error means novice nurse often forget to paste sticker of specimen leading to the failure of identifying specimen identity The latter error refers to novice nurse fail to proceed right process to take specimen And these error attributes to not only psychological precursors but also poor team work where novice nurse often carry out other nurses’ oral request without checking if the request is right or not Concerning delaying in treating and forgetting to treat deteriorating patients it’s associated with rule-based error of omission It means novice nurse often miss the symptom of patients giving rise to the omission of carrying out treatment in time Apart from psychological precursors training failure is also responsible for the occurrence of error Inadequate training leads novice nurse unable to utilize knowledge in hand and do proper time management in clinical settings Finally error in equipment and tube setting was mostly associated with rule-based error of omission followed by skill-based error of omission The former error represents novice nurse often neglect the necessity of execute constraint or sedation on patients leading to patient extubated himself The letter one means novice nurse forget to recheck the tube during the shift leading to slippage off where it supposed to be And these error attributes to excessive psychological precursors and poor team work where nursing staff fail to clarify responsibility of caring patients with intubation In terms of the status of quo of training program Novice nurses thought that existing course lack of the utilization of knowledge and actual operation Further most of training content depends on what clinical situation they encountered without systematic organization of teaching This study contributed to relevant research fields by providing an analysis of ER medical errors from a systematic perspective The findings can serve not only as inspirations for future research on ER medical errors but also as a reference for designing concrete and effective training interventions This study provides the following recommendations Medication errors can be minimized by assigning nurses multiple practical exercises to improve their proficiency and precision in administering drugs to patients Novice nurses should be familiar with nursing procedures so that they could efficiently carry out the procedures even under time constraints Furthermore novice nurses could be provided with clinical handbooks that allow them to revise drug-related knowledge at any time They should participate in case study discussions where they can really apply their knowledge rather than engage in rote learning To address error in sample submission for testing handbooks detailing relevant processes could be provided to novice nurses so that they could search for and learn complex procedures at any time In addition relevant instruments test tubes and specimen samples should be clearly labeled to serve as a reminder to novice nurses about paying attention to detail To mitigate error in equipment and tube setting novice nurses could learn how to operate instruments by showing them the actual operations of an entire process and assigning them practice tasks Regarding delay in treating and forgetting to treat deteriorating patients training units should compile a guideline to determining and treating patient symptoms and train novices to develop heightened sensitivity toward changes in disease conditions even when in a stressful environment Finally novices must also be trained in sorting the priority of multiple tasks to prevent focusing on miscellaneous issues and consequently omit executing procedures that are really needed
Date of Award2015 Jul 31
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorYu-Hsiu Hung (Supervisor)

Cite this

Studying ER Medical Error to the Design of Training Interventions for Novice Nurses
學儀, 賴. (Author). 2015 Jul 31

Student thesis: Master's Thesis