The Study on Industrial Heritage Policy-The Case of Taiwan

  • 李 雪慈

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

As the evidence and cultural significance left by economic development industrial cultural heritage implicates both public and private interests and future development conditions This thesis focuses on industrial cultural heritage to review the relationship between culture and economy explores state policy choices for development and for Taiwan’s governments to consider Industrial cultural heritage was originated from reflections on the sites and objects from Industrial Revolution and the transformation of economic development Afterwards through international academic forums industrial cultural heritage entered the UNESCO world heritage system which led to the trend of various countries Therefore the attitude of the governments has gradually changed from passive to active discoursing and resource integration After discussions and experiments on industrial cultural heritage a consensus has gradually been reached internationally--emphasizing the adaptive reuse and cultural creativity applications not only maintains the intrinsic value of culture but also cares about the economic social and environmental aspects of cultural heritage Therefore industrial cultural heritage policy and related projects can be viewed as a kind of investment in development After the concept of industrial cultural heritage and foreign cases have been introduced to Taiwan through the academic circles there have been results in some cases with the cooperation of cultural institutions cultural and creative industries and local governments However the central government focuses on constructing the national economic growth structure Enterprises must make profits through industrial operations for responding to market and shareholders Local governments are committed to improve the environment and quality of life responding to residents' demands and promote local images These positions and goals of all parties are different even with different scholars and experts supported In the absence of consensus disputes arise on issues of interest and rights and responsibilities are contested Furthermore the review of current policy resources related to industrial cultural heritage are scattered among different authorities such as the Ministry of Culture the Ministry of the Interior the Financial Supervisory Commission the Ministry of Economy and various local governments These policy instruments are limited and have not been well integrated and coordinated In view of the fact that industrial cultural heritage in Taiwan can be described as the legacy of the national development policies it illustrates how the state deploys economic factors to bring about economic growth urban and rural landscapes and future development conditions This research believes that in accordance with the international trends in cultural economics and development policies Taiwan should be able to explore the issues of industrial cultural heritage to the sustainability of both industries and society and to make an investigation of state policy with inclusiveness and balance Through cultural governance and creative economy to consolidate Taiwan’s development constitution that is to carry out sustainable "reengineering" of the historical scenes of economic development in Taiwan The core method is to focus on industrial cultural heritage based on the concept of investment cycle: cultural contents are generated from the preservation research and interpretation of industrial cultural heritage and cultural contents is activated through cultural creativity then feedback to the enterprises’ improvement on intangible assets thereby affecting the development ecology of industrial chains or industrial clusters finally in turn to produce broader social influences and novel ideas and assets of culture In terms of specific policy actions this research puts forward the following suggestions: first develop a special law on industrial cultural heritage may be considered assuming its leading and coordinating role at the national level; second the illustration and basic consolidation of Taiwan’s creative economic network; third culture department takes the initiative to actively integrate with different industries; fourth starting from universal issues such about human life let industrial cultural heritage serve as Taiwan's international interface
Date of Award2021
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorWen-Jen Hsieh (Supervisor)

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