The Study on the Ideology and Behavior of Aristocracy upon Loyalty and Filial Piety in the Spring and Autumn Period

  • 陳 豌蓉

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

The study aims to discuss perception regarded by the aristocracy about loyalty and filial piety in the Spring and Autumn period how would they act base on the ethical norms The connotations of loyalty and filial piety were more abundant in this period The ethics of filial piety include individual emotions and behavior towards family From an individual to a group responsibilities of the clans were involved The responsibilities could be different from the primary clans to the subordinate ones The meaning of loyalty which was discussed in the Spring and Autumn period was related to the interests of nations Therefore people who had the political power to influence the national affairs should follow the norms of loyalty The ethical norms of loyalty could be divided into three levels: dismissing personal desire serving for lords and seeking national interests The origin of loyalty was related to the commands by lords and gods When expanding people who followed the norms of filial piety and loyalty more different discussions could be involved in Furthermore the actions of aristocracy could be analysed based on these ethical discussions The philosophical theories about loyalty and filial piety were still inconsistent in the Warring States period The various theories were integrated in the Han dynasty From the Warring States period to the Han dynasty people thought that being a bureaucrat was the life achievement Also salaries they received were a major resource to support their parents In this case both loyalty and filial piety could not be abandoned In some extreme cases people would sacrifice their lives to implement both loyalty and filial piety
Date of Award2020
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorChien-Wen Wang (Supervisor)

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