Zhuo-Zhuang: Study on the communication lines in Chu Chen Cai Wu Yue

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Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

Zhuo-Zhuang: Study on the communication lines in Chu Chen Cai Wu Yue Hsu Chi-Yung Huang sheng-song Department of Chinese Literature Liberal Aris SUMMARY This thesis researches the traffic routes of the states of Chu 楚 Chen 陳 Cai 蔡 Wu 吳 and Yue 越 based on the Zuo Zhuan (左傳 The Commentary of Zuo) I reexamine the geographical information annotated by the predecessors in the traditional Zuo Zhuan study of the Qing Dynasty in conjunction with historical references to the arrangement of traffic routes This is a novel method of reading Zuo Zhuan The chapters of this thesis are divided according to the separate states and ordered as follows: Chu 楚 Chen 陳 Cai 蔡 Wu 吳 and Yue 越 Keywords: Zuo Zhuan traffic Chu Chen Cai Wu Yue INTRODUCTION In recent years there have been an increase in the number of scholars studying traffic routes but few scholars have studied the traffic routes in the Spring and Autumn Period The purpose of this paper is to make up for the lack of traffic research in the Spring and Autumn Period The countries studied include these: Chu Chen Cai Wu Yue and other countries MATERIALS AND METHODS The material is based on texts written by scholars of the Qing Dynasty followed by papers by modern scholars Methods The roadmap was drawn using GPS combined with the results of the literature CONCLUSION I dedicate the second chapter to the discussion of Chu State and its Northward and North-Westward traffic routes The Northward route follows the Han River Han Shui 漢水 from Ye Du 郢都 to Fang Cheng 方城 The North-Westward route’s design was also based on the Northward route Concretely the Northward route begins in Ye Du 郢都 passes Quan 權 (Na Chu 那處) Yan 鄢 Luo 羅 Lu 廬 You 鄾 Deng 鄧 Shen 申 (L? 呂) and ends in Zengguan (繒關) The North-Westward routes start from Lu and divides into three branches The first branch is from Lu 廬 through Gu ? into Fangzhu 防渚 The second branch follows Lu 廬 Gu ? Linpin 臨品 Ju Shi 句澨 Ren 仞 [Shixi 石溪] Yong Fangcheng 庸方城 and ends in Yong 庸 The third and final branch begins at Lu 廬 passes through Gu ? Linpin 臨品 Ju Shi 句澨 and ends at Xi Xue 鍚穴 The route to the State of Jin 晉 passes Shen 申 (L? 呂) Shangmi 商密 San Hu 三戶 Shaoxi Shan 少習山 (Wuguan 武關) and terminates in Shang Luo 上雒 Chapter three traces the North-Eastward and Eastward routes of Chu Considering the North-Eastward route is long to the point of unclarity I have divided the route into two sections The first section spans from Ye Du 郢都 to Yun 鄖 More precisely the route passes trough Ye 郢 Jiao Ye 郊郢 Chenlu 沈鹿 Pusao 蒲騷 and ends in Yun 鄖 Furthermore there are two North-Eastward routes that depart from Yun 鄖; namely route A which passes through Yun 鄖 Boju 柏舉 Jiling 踖陵 and terminates in Huang 黃; and route B which passes through Yun 鄖 Chengkou 城口 Zi 訾 Xi 息 The North-Westward routes from Yun 鄖 reach Sui 隨 and Tang 唐 The Eastward routes located on the east of the Huai River 淮水 separate into two routes The route on the Northern bank is from Ji稷 through Xi淅(Jiang)(江)—Xi息—Bai白—Yingwei潁尾—Zhoulai州來—Zhluqu州屈—Qie茄—Xu徐 to Loulin婁林 The route on the Southern bank is from Luorui羅汭 through —Xian弦—Huang黃—Qisi(Jiang)期思(蔣)—Liao蓼—Suo瑣— to Zhongli鍾離 Chapter four focuses on the traffic of Chen and Cai Surrounding its capital city Wanqiu 宛丘 the traffic of Chen divides into three routes: (a) Southward: Wanqiu宛丘—Daming大冥—Juehe厥貉—Huqiu壺丘; (b) North-westward: Wanqiu宛丘—Chenling辰陵; (c) Eastward: Wanqiu宛丘—Minglu鳴鹿—Jiao焦、Yi夷—Pu濮 The central traffic hub of the Cai State was located in Shangcai 上蔡 the previous Cai capital from the Spring and Autumn period (approx 771-476 BC) Its traffic system developed along the drainage basin of the river Ru 汝水 to the Huai River 淮水 of which the main route is: Shangcai上蔡—Xincai新蔡—Juyang郹陽—Xiacai下蔡 The route from Shangcai上蔡 further reaches Xin莘 and Sangsui桑隧 in the south The fifth chapter discusses the traffic of Wu and Yue Wu had both land and fluvial routes The land route (Northward) is Meili梅里—Yanling延陵—Zhufang朱方—Han邗—Huaishang淮上—Zhongwu鍾吾—Liang良 To facilitate the connection and communication between Wu and other states in Zhongyuan 中原 [The Central Plains of China] Wu further expanded the traffic routes from Liang: (a) Liang良—Zu柤—Biyang偪陽; (b) Liang良—Pengcheng彭城 The fluvial routes of Wu started from Han邗 (through Meili梅理): Hangou邗溝—Qingjiangshi to Huai River清江市處轉淮水—Si River泗水—Yi River沂水 The Eastward traffic routes are divided into two parts In the earlier period only land transportation was available: —Zhufang朱方—Nanjingshi南京市境—Hengshan衡山—Jiuzi鳩茲、Tongrui桐汭—Hanshanxian含山縣—Zhanguan昭關—Tuogao橐皋 In the later period water-to-land transshipment developed: —Zhufang朱方—Nanjingshi南京市境(入江)—Hanshanxian含山縣(離江)—Zhanguan昭關—Tuogao橐皋 The remainder of this chapter is dedicated to the discussion of the traffic system of Yue The information of the Yue State in the Zuo Zhuan is limited It is generally assumed that Yue has had a four-directional traffic system since the king of Wu released Gou Jian back to Pingyuan: (a) Northward: Quiji會稽—Yuer禦兒—Zuili檇李—Pingyuan平原; (b) North-Westward: Quiji會稽—Ming冥; (c) Eastward: Quiji會稽—Yin鄞 Through the above chapters this thesis will be able to shed new light on the discussion of the pre-Qin traffic
Date of Award2019
Original languageEnglish
SupervisorSheng-Sung Huang (Supervisor)

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