# 3-D Ultrafast Ultrasound Imaging of Microbubbles Trapped Using an Acoustic Vortex

Wei Chen Lo, Yu Ling Huang, Ching Hsiang Fan, Chih Kuang Yeh

## 摘要

Increasing the local concentration of microbubbles (MBs) within the blood flow plays a crucial role in several medical applications, but there are few imaging modalities available for volumetric tracking of the aggregated MBs in real time. Here we describe a device integrating acoustic vortex tweezers (AVTs) and ultrasound plane-wave imaging (PWI) to achieve the goal of controlling the spatial distribution of MBs in blood vessels and simultaneously monitoring this process using the same probe. Experiments were conducted using a 5-MHz 2-D array ultrasound probe (with three cycles of excitation at an acoustic pressure of 2000 kPa) and 1.2- $\mu \text{m}$ -diameter MBs at a flow rate of 20 mm/s. The AVT waveform was produced by modulating the repetition frequency of the transmitted pulse asymmetrically (4 and 8 kHz at the inflow and outflow ends, respectively). In order to simultaneously capture MBs and carry out imaging with the same probe, the asymmetric AVT pulse signal and the ultrasound-imaging pulse signal were arranged in a staggered series, and the imaging was carried out using plane-wave pulses at nine angles (-7° to 7°) in compounded PWI (volume rate: 200 Hz). Microscopy observations showed that freely suspended MBs could indeed be gathered by the asymmetric AVT in the flow field to form an MBs cluster with a spot size of about $4022~\mu \text{m}^{{2}}$ , which could resist the flow to remain at a fixed location for about 22 s. After the asymmetric AVT signal and the ultrasound-imaging pulse signal were turned on for 1 s, the ultrasound 3-D image showed that the signal intensity of the MB clusters increased by 13.1 dB ± 2.9 dB in relation to the background area. These results show that the proposed strategy can be used to accumulate flowing MBs at a desired location and to simultaneously observe this phenomenon. This tool could be used in the future to improve the outcomes of MB-related treatments for various diseases.

原文 English 3507-3514 8 IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control 68 12 https://doi.org/10.1109/TUFFC.2021.3095241 Published - 2021 12月 1

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