This letter investigates 460-nm InGaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) grown on a hemisphere-shape- patterned sapphire substrate (HPSS) with submicrometer spacing. The full-width at half-maximum of the (102) plane rocking curves for GaN layer grown on a conventional sapphire substrate (CSS) and HPSS are 480 and 262 arcsec, respectively. Such improvement is due to the reduction of the pure edge threading dislocations. At the forward current of 20 mA, the light output power of the LEDs grown on CSS and HPSS were 4.05 and 5.86 mW, respectively. This improvement of 44% light-output power can be attributed to the improved quality of the material and the increase of the light extraction by the fully inclined facets of the HPSS.
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