Natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is a special subtype of rare malignant lymphoma that is more prevalent in Asia than in America and Europe. This newly characterized haemato-lymphoid malignancy is highly aggressive and frequently present in nasal and upper aerodigestive sites. Several studies have reported the commonly deleted region of chromosome 6q21-25 in this particular type of lymphoma. To refine the smallest region of overlapping (SRO) deletion for localization of potential tumour suppressor (TS) genes, we performed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and homozygosity mapping of deletion (HOMOD) analyses on 37 nasal and nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma patients using a panel of 25 microsatellite markers, covering the 6q21-q25 region. In all patients studied, LOH was detected in eight (89%) paired-sample patients, while hemizygous deletion was detected in three (11%) single-sample patients. Combination of the LOH and HOMOD results defined a distinct 3 Mb SRO on chromosome 6q25. Quantitative multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis of 10 sequence-tagged sites further refined the putative TS-gene-containing region to a 2.6 Mb interval between TIAM2 and SNX9. Eighteen known genes/Unigene clusters and 25 hypothetical genes are located within this 2.6 Mb region, but none are previously identified TS genes. These results provide a framework for future positional cloning of novel TS gene(s) at 6q25.2-q25.3.
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