We report a case of a heart transplant recipient who presented with a rapidly growing Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)–positive, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma 7 days after receiving the first dose of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine. Because of the atypical radiologic presentation, the initial tentative diagnosis was a mediastinal abscess. This observation indicates a potential risk of EBV reactivation after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination, which might lead to or aggravate the presentation of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder in transplantation patients. Transplant surgeons should be aware of the potential immunomodulatory effects of the COVID-19 vaccination.
|頁（從 - 到）||1575-1578|
|出版狀態||Published - 2022 7月 1|
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