A dynamic perspective of government intervention in a competitive closed-loop supply chain

研究成果: Article同行評審

36 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Changes in environmental burden are inherently dynamic because a steady state cannot be instantaneously reached, and the current state is associated with the previous state and continuously evolves. In this study, we examine a dynamic closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) consisting of an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) selling new products and an independent remanufacturer (IR) selling recovered products generated from end-of-life (EOL) products. The government intervenes in the CLSC by imposing taxes or subsidies to reduce the environmental burden. We propose a baseline model without government intervention and six different policies: a fixed tax or subsidy on the firm side, a unit tax or subsidy on the firm side, and a unit tax or subsidy on the consumer side. We derive the firms’ closed-form instantaneous and steady-state decisions at the subgame perfect Nash equilibrium. Finally, we conduct a comparative study to explore the effects of the policies on the environmental burden, firm profits (producer surpluses), consumer surplus, and social welfare. We find that the proposed policies can effectively reduce the environmental burden and mitigate the intensity of price competition, except for the policy with the fixed subsidy to the IR. The policies are all profitable for the IR and, thus, effective in encouraging recovery; however, the policies are not necessarily profitable for the OEM. The policies with a unit tax for consumers and fixed subsidy for the OEM are more conducive to social welfare. Moreover, the degree of dynamics improves the effectiveness of the policies in reducing the environmental burden.

頁(從 - 到)122-137
期刊European Journal of Operational Research
出版狀態Published - 2021 10月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般電腦科學
  • 建模與模擬
  • 管理科學與經營研究
  • 資訊系統與管理


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