Visual sensor networks (VSNs) have numerous applications in fields such as wildlife observation, object recognition, and smart homes. However, visual sensors generate vastly more data than scalar sensors. Storing and transmitting these data is challenging. High-efficiency video coding (HEVC/H.265) is a widely used video compression standard. Compare to H.264/AVC, HEVC reduces approximately 50% of the bit rate at the same video quality, which can compress the visual data with a high compression ratio but results in high computational complexity. In this study, we propose a hardware-friendly and high-efficiency H.265/HEVC accelerating algorithm to overcome this complexity for visual sensor networks. The proposed method leverages texture direction and complexity to skip redundant processing in CU partition and accelerate intra prediction for intra-frame encoding. Experimental results revealed that the proposed method could reduce encoding time by 45.33% and increase the Bjontegaard delta bit rate (BDBR) by only 1.07% as compared to HM16.22 under all-intra configuration. Moreover, the proposed method reduced the encoding time for six visual sensor video sequences by 53.72%. These results confirm that the proposed method achieves high efficiency and a favorable balance between the BDBR and encoding time reduction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes