A hybrid unequal clustering based on density with energy conservation in wireless nodes

Tao Han, Seyed Mostafa Bozorgi, Ayda Valinezhad Orang, Ali Asghar Rahmani Hosseinabadi, Arun Kumar Sangaiah, Mu Yen Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

17 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The Internet of things (IoT) provides the possibility of communication between smart devices and any object at any time. In this context, wireless nodes play an important role in reducing costs and simple use. Since these nodes are often used in less accessible locations, recharging their battery is hardly feasible and in some cases is practically impossible. Hence, energy conservation within each node is a challenging discussion. Clustering is an efficient solution to increase the lifetime of the network and reduce the energy consumption of the nodes. In this paper, a novel hybrid unequal multi-hop clustering based on density (HCD) is proposed to increase the network lifetime. In the proposed protocol, the cluster head (CH) selection is performed only by comparing the status of each node to its neighboring nodes. In this new technique, the parameters involving energy of nodes, the number of neighboring nodes, the distance to the base station (BS), and the layer where the node is placed in are considered in CH selection. So, in this new and simple technique considers energy consumption of the network and load balancing. Clustering is performed unequally so that cluster heads (CHs) close to BS have more energy for data relay. Also, a hybrid dynamic-static clustering was performed to decrease overhead. In the current protocol, a distributed clustering and multi-hop routing approach was applied between cluster members (CMs), to CHs, and CHs to BS. HCD is applied as a novel assistance to cluster heads (ACHs) mechanism, in a way that a CH accepts to use member nodes with suitable state to share traffic load. Furthermore, we performed simulation for two different scenarios. Simulation results showed the reliability of the proposed method as it was resulted in a significant increase in network stability and energy balance as well as network lifetime and efficiency.

期刊Sustainability (Switzerland)
出版狀態Published - 2019 1月 31

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地理、規劃與發展
  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 環境科學(雜項)
  • 能源工程與電力技術
  • 管理、監督、政策法律


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