Profile monitoring is referred to as monitoring the functional relationship between the response and explanatory variables. Traditionally, process control charts monitor the mean and/or the variance of a univariate quality characteristic. For several correlated quality characteristics, multivariate process control charts monitor the mean vector and/or the covariance matrix. However, monitoring the functional relationship between variables is sometimes more beneficial. One example is the power output of a Diesel engine and the amount of fuel injected should be related. In this paper, we propose a Kullback-Leibler information (KLI) control chart for linear profiles monitoring in Phase II. The plotted statistics of the KLI chart are calculated based on a backward procedure. The functional relationship is described by linear regression. The performance of the proposed KLI control chart is compared with those of other existing control charts, especially the Generalized Likelihood Ratio (GLR) chart for both KLI and GLR charts do not require design parameters. The results show that (1) the KLI control chart is better than the GLR control chart in detecting the shift of variance in terms of Average Time to Signal, and (2) if the shift of the regression coefficient is small, the GLR chart outperforms the KLI chart, but if the size of shift is large, the KLI chart outperforms the GLR chart. The plotted statistics of KLI are compared to that of GLR. Their similarity is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes