In this paper, we present two control schemes for the unknown sampled-data nonlinear singular system. One is an observer-based digital redesign tracker with the state-feedback gain and the feed-forward gain based on off-line observer/Kalman filter identification (OKID) method. The presented control scheme is able to make the unknown sampled-data nonlinear singular system to well track the desired reference signal. The other is an active fault tolerance state-space self-tuner using the OKID method and modified autoregressive moving average with exogenous inputs (ARMAX) model-based system identification for unknown sampled-data nonlinear singular system with input faults. First, one can apply the off-line OKID method to determine the appropriate (low-) order of the unknown system order and good initial parameters of the modified ARMAX model to improve the convergent speed of recursive extended-least-squares (RELS) method. Then, based on modified ARMAX-based system identification, a corresponding adaptive digital control scheme is presented for the unknown sampled-data nonlinear singular system with immeasurable system state. Moreover, in order to overcome the interference of input fault, one can use a fault-tolerant control scheme for unknown sampled-data nonlinear singular system by modifying the conventional self-tuner control (STC). The presented method can effectively cope with partially abrupt and/or gradual system input faults. Finally, some illustrative examples including a real circuit system are given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the presented design methodologies.
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