Anthropomorphic phantoms have been used to provide residents with training in ultrasound-guided breast biopsy. However, different individuals differ in terms of the acoustic properties and stiffness of their breast tissues. The individual differences should be reflected in the training breast phantoms. This study aimed to develop a breast tissue-mimicking phantom that offers realistic haptic feedback and ultrasound imaging during needle insertion. We investigated the tunability of the mechanical and acoustic properties of breast tissue-mimicking materials (TMMs) to emulate fat, glandular and tumor tissues. The Design of experiments (DOE) methods and physician's feedback were used to reveal the effect of component concentration on Young's modulus and acoustic properties of breast TMMs. Furthermore, the relative backscatter power of the TMM was studied to adjust the contrast between the simulated tumor and background glandular tissue. The results indicated that Young's moduli of TMMs could be altered by adjusting the concentrations of glycerol, agar and olive oil. Changing the concentration of silicon carbide in a TMM could enhance the contrast between the target and the background materials in an ultrasound image. Finally, a series of TMMs were suggested for fat, glandular, benign tumor and malignant tumor tissues. A breast phantom with a tunability appropriately reflecting the individual differences of breast tissues was developed.
|頁（從 - 到）||1468-1483|
|期刊||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology|
|出版狀態||Published - 2022 8月|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes