The recovery of gallium (Ga) from gallium arsenide (GaAs) scrap using a leaching-ion exchange method was investigated. The ground GaAs scrap was leached, using 2.0 N nitric acid at 30 °C for 1.0 h, and the dissolution of Ga and arsenic (As) reached 98%. The pregnant solution with a 1/20 dilution ratio was then passed through a weak acid chelating resin Diaion CR-11. Highly charged Ga3+ has the ability to form complexes with the chelating resin and separate from the coexisting H3AsO4 in the leachate with very low pH. The loaded column was eluted with 0.1 M H2SO4, and the final concentrated solution had 4.5 g/L of Ga with 99.3% purity. The euent from the column was further processed to remove As by ferric arsenicate precipitation, and reused continuously as the dilution water for raw leachate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Process Chemistry and Technology