This paper presents a probabilistic decision-making framework for rear-end collision avoidance systems, focusing on modeling the impact of major collision-causing factors on the occurrence of accidents. Decisions on when and how to assist drivers are made using a Bayesian network approach according to collision risk evaluation results, given a prior probabilistic knowledge. The structure of the Bayesian network model is learnt using a K2 algorithm with a practical dataset. To provide adequate response time for drivers, we also predict collision probability in the next monitoring interval using a Kalman filter model. The prediction accuracy is evaluated with different use cases and compared to real scenarios with the obtained dataset. To make our framework more relevant to practical applications, we also discuss the corresponding safety control strategies by classifying collision risk into high and low levels. In addition, the proposed model is evaluated through experiments including simulations and road tests. In the simulations, the algorithms are tested in different scenarios with various configurations of weather conditions, driver response capability, and vehicular dynamics. In order to demonstrate collision avoidance performance, the proposed model is also compared to existing schemes. In the road tests, the algorithm is embedded into an unmanned vehicle with predefined parameters to evaluate the impact of computational complexity on rear-end collision avoidance. Numerical results show that the proposed model provides an accurate estimation for car-following collision risk with a relatively low complexity, taking into account the impacts of vehicle dynamics, driver reaction capacity, and external environment on rear-end collisions.
|頁（從 - 到）||264-284|
|期刊||IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems|
|出版狀態||Published - 2019 一月|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Automotive Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications