A self-adaptable indoor localization scheme for wireless sensor networks

Chi Lu Yang, Yeim Kuan Chang, Yu Tso Chen, Chih Ping Chu, Chi Chang Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Service systems used for various applications in home automation and security require estimating the locations precisely using certain sensors. Serving a mobile user automatically by sensing his/her locations in an indoor environment is considered as a challenge. However, indoor localization cannot be carried out effectively using the Global Positioning System (GPS). In recent years, the use of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) in locating a mobile object in an indoor environment has become popular. Some physical features have also been discussed to solve localization in WSNs. In this paper, we inquire into received signal strength indication (RSSI)-based solutions and propose a new localization scheme called the closer tracking algorithm (CTA) for indoor localization. Under the proposed CTA, a mechanism on mode-change is designed to switch automatically between the optimal approximately closer approach (ACA) and the real-time tracking (RTT) method according to pre-tuned thresholds. Furthermore, we design a mechanism to move reference nodes dynamically to reduce the uncovered area of the ACA for increasing the estimation accuracy. We evaluate the proposed CTA using ZigBee CC2431 modules. The experimental results show that the proposed CTA can determine the position accurately with an error distance less than 0.9 m. At the same time, the CTA scheme has at least 87% precision when the distance is less than 0.9 m. The proposed CTA can select an adaptive mode properly to improve the localization accuracy with high confidence. Moreover, the experimental results also show that the accuracy can be improved by the deployment and movement of reference nodes.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)33-54
頁數22
期刊International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering
21
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2011 二月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 軟體
  • 電腦網路與通信
  • 電腦繪圖與電腦輔助設計
  • 人工智慧

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