A Transient π–π or Cation–π Interaction between Degron and Degrader Dual Residues: A Key Step for the Substrate Recognition and Discrimination in the Processive Degradation of SulA by ClpYQ (HslUV) Protease in Escherichia coli

Chu Hsuan Lin, Chih Hsuan Tsai, Chun Chi Chou, Whei Fen Wu

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

The Escherichia coli ATP-dependent ClpYQ protease constitutes ClpY ATPase/unfoldase and ClpQ peptidase. The Tyr91st residue within the central pore-I site of ClpY-hexamer is important for unfolding and translocating substrates into the catalytic site of ClpQ. We have identified the degron site (GFIMRP147th) of SulA, a cell-division inhibitor recognized by ClpYQ and that the Phe143rd residue in degron site is necessary for SulA native folded structure. However, the functional association of this degron site with the ClpYQ degrader is unknown. Here, we investigated the molecular insights into substrate recognition and discrimination by the ClpYQ protease. We found that the point mutants ClpYY91FQ, ClpYY91HQ, and ClpYY91WQ, carrying a ring structure at the 91st residue of ClpY, efficiently degraded their natural substrates, evidenced by the suppressed bacterial methyl-methane-sulfonate (MMS) sensitivity, the reduced β-galactosidase activity of cpsB::lacZ, and the lowest amounts of MBP-SulA in both in vivo and in vitro degradation analyses. Alternatively, mimicking the wild-type SulA, SulAF143H, SulAF143K and SulAF143W, harboring a ring structure or a cation side-group in 143rd residue of SulA, were efficiently degraded by ClpYQ in the bacterial cells, also revealing shorter half-lives at 41 °C and higher binding affinities towards ClpY in pull-down assays. Finally, ClpYY91FQ and ClpYY91HQ, were capable of effectively degrading SulAF143H and SulAF143K, highlighting a correspondingly functional interaction between the SulA 143rd and ClpY 91st residues. According to the interchangeable substituted amino acids, our results uniquely indicate that a transient π–π or cation−π interaction between the SulA 143rd and ClpY 91st residues could be aptly gripped between the degron site of substrates and the pore site of proteases (degraders) for substrate recognition and discrimination of the processive degradation.

原文English
文章編號17353
期刊International journal of molecular sciences
24
發行號24
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2023 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 催化
  • 分子生物學
  • 光譜
  • 電腦科學應用
  • 物理與理論化學
  • 有機化學
  • 無機化學

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