In this paper, the two major classes of proportional navigation (PN), namely, true proportional navigation (TPN) and pure proportional navigation (PPN) are analyzed and solved by a unified approach. The analytical tools used in the line-of-sight (LOS) referenced systems such as TPN, realistic true proportional navigation (RTPN), generalized true proportional navigation (GTPN) and ideal proportional navigation (IPN), are extended here to handle the interceptor velocity referenced systems such as PPN and its variants. It is found that the above two branches of guidance systems belong to a more general PN scheme which defines the acceleration of the interceptor as being proportional to the LOS rate with direction normal to an arbitrarily assigned vector L. For example, L of TPN is LOS, and L of PPN is the interceptor's velocity. Every PN scheme associates with a specific form of L. The optimal PN (OPN) problem which concerns the determination of the optimal direction L is also addressed. Under the proposed general PN scheme, its six special cases, i.e., TPN, RTPN, GTPN, IPN, PPN, and OPN are solved in a unified way from which many new relations among them can be revealed, and their performances can be compared on a common basis.
|頁（從 - 到）||557-567|
|期刊||IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems|
|發行號||2 PART 1|
|出版狀態||Published - 1997 十二月 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering