Aberrant expression of leptin in human endometriotic stromal cells is induced by elevated levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α

Meng Hsing Wu, Ko Fan Chen, Shih Chieh Lin, Chun Wun Lgu, Shaw Jenq Tsai

研究成果: Article

79 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Elevated expression of leptin in endometriotic tissue results in an increase in stromal cell proliferation and may contribute to the development of endometriosis. However, the underlying mechanism responsible for aberrant expression of leptin is not known. We hypothesize that aberrant expression of leptin in endometriotic stroma may be regulated by increased levels of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HEF-1α), the master transcription factor that controls gene expression in response to hypoxia. Herein we show that the mRNA and protein levels of HIF-1α were greater in ectopic endometriotic tissue compared with its eutopic counterpart. Exposure of eutopic endometrial stromal cells under hypoxic conditions or treated with desferrioxamine (DFO, chemical hypoxia) resulted in a time-dependent increase in leptin gene expression. A promoter activity assay demonstrated that HIF-1α induced leptin promoter activity after DFO treatment. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay further demonstrated that binding of HEF-1α to leptin promoter was evident after DFO treatment. Finally, depletion of HEF-1α by short interference RNA abolished leptin expression in ectopic endometriotic stromal cells. Taken together, our data demonstrate that aberrant expression of leptin in ectopic endometriotic stromal cells is induced, at least in part, by an elevated level of HEF-1α in these cells, providing new insights into the etiology of endometriosis.

頁(從 - 到)590-598
期刊American Journal of Pathology
出版狀態Published - 2007 二月


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine