Acacetin induces apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma cells accompanied by activation of caspase cascades and production of reactive oxygen species

Min Hsiung Pan, Ching Shu Lai, Ping Chi Hsu, Ying-Jan Wang

研究成果: Article

48 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

Acacetin (5,7-dihydrocy-4′-methoxy flavone), which is a flavonoid compound, possesses anti-peroxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The effects of acacetin on cell viability in human gastric carcinoma AGS cells were investigated. This study demonstrated that acacetin was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Acacetin-induced cell death was characterized with changes in nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, and cell morphology. The molecular mechanism of acacetin-induced apoptosis was also investigated. Treatment with acacetin caused induction of caspase-3 activity in a time-dependent manner, but not caspase-1 activity, and induced the degradation of DNA fragmentation factor (DFF-45) and poly-(ADP-riobse) polymerase. Cell death was completely prevented by a pancaspase inhibitor, Z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone. Furthermore, treatment with acacetin caused a rapid loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, stimulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), release of mitochondrial cytochrome c into cytosol, and subsequent induction of procaspase-9 processing. Antioxidants such as N-acetylcysteine and catalase, but not superoxide dismutase, allopurinol, or pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, significantly inhibited acacetin-induced cell death. In addition, it was found that acacetin promoted the up-regulation of Fas and FasL prior to the processing and activation of pro-caspase-8 and cleavage of Bid, suggesting the involvement of a Fas-mediated pathway in acacetin-induced apoptosis. On the other hand, the results showed that acacetin-induced apoptosis was accompanied by up-regulation of Bax and p53, down-regulation of Bcl-2, and cleavage of Bad. Taken together, these results suggest that ROS production and a certain intimate link might exist between receptor- and mitochondria-mediated death signalings that committed to acacetin-induced apoptosis in AGS cells. The induction of apoptosis by acacetin may provide a pivotal mechanism for its cancer chemopreventive action.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)620-630
頁數11
期刊Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
53
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2005 二月 9

指紋

caspases
Caspases
carcinoma
reactive oxygen species
Reactive Oxygen Species
Stomach
stomach
apoptosis
Chemical activation
Cells
Apoptosis
Carcinoma
cell death
DNA fragmentation
cells
Cell death
caspase-1
pyrrolidines
allopurinol
caspase-8

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

引用此文

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title = "Acacetin induces apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma cells accompanied by activation of caspase cascades and production of reactive oxygen species",
abstract = "Acacetin (5,7-dihydrocy-4′-methoxy flavone), which is a flavonoid compound, possesses anti-peroxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The effects of acacetin on cell viability in human gastric carcinoma AGS cells were investigated. This study demonstrated that acacetin was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Acacetin-induced cell death was characterized with changes in nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, and cell morphology. The molecular mechanism of acacetin-induced apoptosis was also investigated. Treatment with acacetin caused induction of caspase-3 activity in a time-dependent manner, but not caspase-1 activity, and induced the degradation of DNA fragmentation factor (DFF-45) and poly-(ADP-riobse) polymerase. Cell death was completely prevented by a pancaspase inhibitor, Z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone. Furthermore, treatment with acacetin caused a rapid loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, stimulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), release of mitochondrial cytochrome c into cytosol, and subsequent induction of procaspase-9 processing. Antioxidants such as N-acetylcysteine and catalase, but not superoxide dismutase, allopurinol, or pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, significantly inhibited acacetin-induced cell death. In addition, it was found that acacetin promoted the up-regulation of Fas and FasL prior to the processing and activation of pro-caspase-8 and cleavage of Bid, suggesting the involvement of a Fas-mediated pathway in acacetin-induced apoptosis. On the other hand, the results showed that acacetin-induced apoptosis was accompanied by up-regulation of Bax and p53, down-regulation of Bcl-2, and cleavage of Bad. Taken together, these results suggest that ROS production and a certain intimate link might exist between receptor- and mitochondria-mediated death signalings that committed to acacetin-induced apoptosis in AGS cells. The induction of apoptosis by acacetin may provide a pivotal mechanism for its cancer chemopreventive action.",
author = "Pan, {Min Hsiung} and Lai, {Ching Shu} and Hsu, {Ping Chi} and Ying-Jan Wang",
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T1 - Acacetin induces apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma cells accompanied by activation of caspase cascades and production of reactive oxygen species

AU - Pan, Min Hsiung

AU - Lai, Ching Shu

AU - Hsu, Ping Chi

AU - Wang, Ying-Jan

PY - 2005/2/9

Y1 - 2005/2/9

N2 - Acacetin (5,7-dihydrocy-4′-methoxy flavone), which is a flavonoid compound, possesses anti-peroxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The effects of acacetin on cell viability in human gastric carcinoma AGS cells were investigated. This study demonstrated that acacetin was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Acacetin-induced cell death was characterized with changes in nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, and cell morphology. The molecular mechanism of acacetin-induced apoptosis was also investigated. Treatment with acacetin caused induction of caspase-3 activity in a time-dependent manner, but not caspase-1 activity, and induced the degradation of DNA fragmentation factor (DFF-45) and poly-(ADP-riobse) polymerase. Cell death was completely prevented by a pancaspase inhibitor, Z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone. Furthermore, treatment with acacetin caused a rapid loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, stimulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), release of mitochondrial cytochrome c into cytosol, and subsequent induction of procaspase-9 processing. Antioxidants such as N-acetylcysteine and catalase, but not superoxide dismutase, allopurinol, or pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, significantly inhibited acacetin-induced cell death. In addition, it was found that acacetin promoted the up-regulation of Fas and FasL prior to the processing and activation of pro-caspase-8 and cleavage of Bid, suggesting the involvement of a Fas-mediated pathway in acacetin-induced apoptosis. On the other hand, the results showed that acacetin-induced apoptosis was accompanied by up-regulation of Bax and p53, down-regulation of Bcl-2, and cleavage of Bad. Taken together, these results suggest that ROS production and a certain intimate link might exist between receptor- and mitochondria-mediated death signalings that committed to acacetin-induced apoptosis in AGS cells. The induction of apoptosis by acacetin may provide a pivotal mechanism for its cancer chemopreventive action.

AB - Acacetin (5,7-dihydrocy-4′-methoxy flavone), which is a flavonoid compound, possesses anti-peroxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The effects of acacetin on cell viability in human gastric carcinoma AGS cells were investigated. This study demonstrated that acacetin was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Acacetin-induced cell death was characterized with changes in nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, and cell morphology. The molecular mechanism of acacetin-induced apoptosis was also investigated. Treatment with acacetin caused induction of caspase-3 activity in a time-dependent manner, but not caspase-1 activity, and induced the degradation of DNA fragmentation factor (DFF-45) and poly-(ADP-riobse) polymerase. Cell death was completely prevented by a pancaspase inhibitor, Z-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone. Furthermore, treatment with acacetin caused a rapid loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, stimulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), release of mitochondrial cytochrome c into cytosol, and subsequent induction of procaspase-9 processing. Antioxidants such as N-acetylcysteine and catalase, but not superoxide dismutase, allopurinol, or pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, significantly inhibited acacetin-induced cell death. In addition, it was found that acacetin promoted the up-regulation of Fas and FasL prior to the processing and activation of pro-caspase-8 and cleavage of Bid, suggesting the involvement of a Fas-mediated pathway in acacetin-induced apoptosis. On the other hand, the results showed that acacetin-induced apoptosis was accompanied by up-regulation of Bax and p53, down-regulation of Bcl-2, and cleavage of Bad. Taken together, these results suggest that ROS production and a certain intimate link might exist between receptor- and mitochondria-mediated death signalings that committed to acacetin-induced apoptosis in AGS cells. The induction of apoptosis by acacetin may provide a pivotal mechanism for its cancer chemopreventive action.

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