Acute meningoencephalitis as initial presentation of human immunodeficiency virus infection: Report of two cases

Chien Ming Li, Yu Yin Lee, Yueh Ren Ho

研究成果: Article同行評審

6 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Since the advent of pandemic of the human immunodeficiency virus infection, the possible pathogens responsible for acute meningoencephalitis have broadened. Human immunodeficiency virus itself can cause acute meningoencephalitis, and the immunocompromise associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection predisposes the infected patients to acute meningoencephalitis caused by a variety of other infectious or non-infectious etiologies. Here reported are 2 cases of acute meningoencephalitis with history of blood transfusion and travel to southeast Asia; both are positive for screening tests of human immunodeficiency virus infection. One of the pathogen causing central nervous system infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was identified by polymerase chain reaction; the other left undiagnosed. It is known that patients of human immunodeficiency virus infection or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome can present with acute central nervous system infection. The need for routine screening of human immunodeficiency virus antibody is currently under debate; nevertheless, the possibility of human immunodeficiency virus infection has to be kept in mind in patients with acute meningoencephalitis.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)195-198
頁數4
期刊Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
35
發行號3
出版狀態Published - 2002 9月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 免疫學和過敏
  • 免疫學與微生物學 (全部)
  • 微生物學(醫學)
  • 傳染性疾病

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