Acute uremic pericarditis presented as cardiac tamponade with acute ischemic hepatitis: a case report

M. W. Chen, J. J. Huang, J. M. Sung, M. C. Wang, K. W. Chen, F. F. Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Pericarditis is a frequent and serious complication of chronic uremia. The uremic pericarditis can get much improvement by aggressive heparin-free hemodialysis therapy. However, the presenting symptoms and signs are too nonspecific to identify at early stage. Cardiac tamponade is the late and fatal complication, and need the immediate & adequate management. A 35-year-old female patient suffered from nausea, vomiting and right upper quadrant dull pain in November 1993, and was admitted to a local hospital. Uremia (BUN: 210 mg/dl, serum Cr.: 13.2 mg/dl) and abnormal liver function (SGOT: 330 IU/L, SGPT: 449 IU/L) were found, then she received regular hemodialysis therapy. About 10 days later, acute exacerbation of liver function (SGOT: 2,488 IU/L, SGPT: 1,048 IU/L), consciousness disturbance and hypotension occurred during hemodialysis. She was referred to our ER immediately. At ER, she had been on comatous, shock state with pulseless electric activity. After resuscitation and serial evaluation, cardiac tamponade was diagnosed. Emergent pericardiocentesis and then bilateral partial pericardiectomy were done about 2 hours later. The pericardial effusion was bloody without evidence of malignancy, bacterial or TB infection. The pathology of pericardium revealed chronic inflammation only. HBsAg, Anti-HCV Ab, and anti-HAV IgM were undetectable. So the etiology of acute hepatitis was diagnosed as ischemic hepatitis. Her general condition and vital sign became stable thereafter. The liver function also improved rapidly. She was discharged one month later and received maintainance hemodialysis therapy and no evidence of recurrence till now.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)392-396
頁數5
期刊Changgeng yi xue za zhi / Changgeng ji nian yi yuan = Chang Gung medical journal / Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
19
發行號4
出版狀態Published - 1996 12月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 醫藥 (全部)

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