Adequate preoperative biliary drainage is determinative to decrease postoperative infectious complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy

研究成果: Article同行評審

14 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Background and Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) by preoperative serum bilirubin level in patients with periampullary lesions receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy. Patients and Methods: Between Jan. 1995 to May 2005, 240 consecutive cases received pancreaticoduodenectomy at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Taiwan and were included retrospectively. Factors possibly affecting postoperative morbidity and mortality were analyzed. Results: One hundred and forty-three patients (59.6%) underwent preoperative biliary drainage (the PBD group) and 97 patients without drainage (the non-PBD group). The total postoperative morbidity rate was 49.6% and postoperative mortality was 2.9%. There was no difference in total postoperative morbidity and mortality between groups, but higher incidence of sepsis/ bacteremia in the PBD patients (p=0.03), and more cardiovascular events (p=0.05) in the non-PBD patients. More bile leakage developed in the non-PBD patients, but only with marginal significance (p=0.09). In the PBD group, patients with preoperative serum bilirubin level ≥ 5 mg/dL had higher likelihood to acquire an infectious complication, (OR: 2.70; CI: 1.21-6.04), and surgical site infectious (OR: 2.70; CI: 1.21-6.04), intraabdominal abscess (OR: 2.74; CI: 0.94-8.03), and wound infection (OR: 2.44; CI: 0.97-6.16). Conclusion: Preoperative biliary drainage increased postoperative infectious complications but it also decreased cardiovascular events. However, adequate preoperative biliary drainage is the key to decrease infectious complications.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)698-705
頁數8
期刊Hepato-Gastroenterology
57
發行號101
出版狀態Published - 2010 七月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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