Acetone is generated upon mesityl oxide (MO) adsorption on TiO2 at 35°C. Water plays an important role in promoting MO decomposition to form acetone. It is suggested that diacetone alcohol plays a role in the transformation of MO to acetone. The thermal reaction of pinacol on TiO2 mainly produces pinacolone at a temperature higher than 100°C. However, acetone is mainly formed in the photocatalytic decomposition of pinacol on TiO2 in O2. Pinacolone is thermally transformed into 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene in the absence of O2 and into pivalate in the presence of O2. Both the reactions of pinacolone occur above 200°C.
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