Age and sex-specific associations of visit-to-visit variability of glycated hemoglobin A1c with all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes

Shu Tin Yeh, Seng Wei Ooi, Ya Hui Chang, Chung Yi Li, Hua Fen Chen

研究成果: Article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background: Visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels have been found to be associated with prognosis of diabetes. However, little is known about whether or to what extent sex and age may modify the effects of VVV. Methods: To investigate age- and sex-specific rates of mortality from all causes and relative hazards of mortality in association with VVV of HbA1c levels, 47,145 patients with diabetes and prescription of any antidiabetic agents >6 months were identified from outpatient visits of a tertiary medical center in northern Taiwan during 2003-2018. VVV of HbA1c was measured by quartiles of standard deviation (SD), coefficient of variation (CV), and average real variability (ARV), respectively. The study subjects were linked to Taiwan's National Death Registry to identify all-cause mortality. The person-year approach with the Poisson assumption was used to assess the all-cause mortality rates, and Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to evaluate the relative hazards of all-cause mortality concerning various levels of VVV of HbA1c. Results: The lowest all-cause mortality rate was found in either the first or second quartile of various measures for VVV of HbA1c, but the highest mortality rate was consistently observed in the fourth quartile of VVV, regardless of SD, CV, or ARV across ages and sexes. Increased hazards of overall all-cause mortality were noticed from the second to fourth quartile of VVV of HbA1c. In detailed age- and sex-stratified analyses, elevated risk of mortality was seen in the fourth quartile of those aged <50 years while in those aged >69 years, increased risk of mortality was noticed in the third and fourth quartiles of any VVV of HbA1c irrespective of sex. In those aged 50-69 years, incremental increased hazards of mortality were consistently observed in the second to fourth quartiles of VVV of HbA1c. Conclusion: HbA1c variability whether it was SD, CV, or ARV could strongly predict the risks of all-cause mortality. The extent of the relationship between VVV of HbA1c and all-cause mortality in different age groups was comparable between both sexes. Given the importance of long-term glucose fluctuation, the inclusion of HbA1c variability calculated from the standardized method should be considered by clinical guideline policymakers as part of the biochemical panel in daily diabetes management.

頁(從 - 到)E29942
期刊Medicine (United States)
出版狀態Published - 2022 8月 19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 醫藥 (全部)


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