Age-Related Attributions of Experienced Changes in Life: Origins and Implications

Klaus Rothermund, Maria Clara Pinheiro De Paula Couto, Helene H. Fung, Sylvie Graf, Thomas M. Hess, Shyhnan Liou, Jana Nikitin

研究成果: Article同行評審

13 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Objectives: Attributing life changes to age represents a core marker of the subjective experience of aging. The aims of our study were to investigate views on aging (VA) as origins of age-related attributions of life changes and to investigate the implications of these age-related attributions for personal control (PC) and life satisfaction (LS). Methods: Life changes and the attribution of life changes to age were independently assessed on a large international sample of older adults (N = 2,900; age range 40-90 years) from the Ageing as Future project. The valence of VA, PC, and LS were also assessed to investigate possible determinants (VA) and consequences (PC and LS) of age-related attributions of life changes. Results: Attributions to age were shown to depend on the valence of experienced life changes, with more negative changes being linked to more age-related attributions. This relation was moderated by the valence of personally held VA, with more negative VA amplifying the relation between negative life changes and age-related attributions. Age-related attributions predicted reduced PC and lower LS and were found to exacerbate the effects of negative life changes on LS, especially for the older cohorts of our sample. Discussion: Our findings help to better understand what determines age-related attributions of life changes and highlight the negative consequences of attributing them to aging. Age-related attributions of change are a major factor that worsens the subjective aging experience. Methodologically, our study emphasizes the necessity to separately assess changes and their attributions to age.

頁(從 - 到)881-893
期刊Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
出版狀態Published - 2021 5月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 健康(社會科學)
  • 社會學與政治學
  • 生命週期和生命歷程研究


深入研究「Age-Related Attributions of Experienced Changes in Life: Origins and Implications」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。