Alantolactone suppresses proliferation and the inflammatory response in human HaCaT keratinocytes and ameliorates imiquimod-induced skin lesions in a psoriasis-like mouse model

Wen Ho Chuo, Yu Tang Tung, Chao Liang Wu, Nicole Bracci, Yu Kang Chang, Hung Yi Huang, Chi Chien Lin

研究成果: Article同行評審

摘要

Psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease that affects 2% to 3% of the world population. Alantolactone, a sesquiterpene lactone, was isolated from Inula helenium and Radix inulae and has several biological effects, including antifungal, anthelmintic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitrypanosomal, and anticancer properties. This study aimed to evaluate the antipsoriatic potential of alantolactone in vitro and in vivo and to explore its underlying mechanisms. These results showed that alantolactone significantly attenuated IL-17A, IL-22, oncostatin M, IL-1α, and TNF-α (M5) cytokine-induced hyperproliferation in HaCaT keratinocytes. Moreover, M5 cytokines significantly upregulated the mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-8. However, alantolactone attenuated the upregulation of these inflammatory cytokines. In addition, alantolactone was found to inhibit STAT3 phosphorylation and NF-κB p65 nuclear translocation in HaCaT keratinocytes. Furthermore, alantolactone treatment in mice significantly alleviated the severity of skin lesions (erythema, scaling and epidermal thickness, and inflammatory cell infiltration) and decreased the mRNA expression of inflammatory cytokines (e.g., TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-17A, and IL-23) in an IMQ-induced-like mouse model. Therefore, our new findings revealed that alantolactone alleviates psoriatic skin lesions by inhibiting inflammation, making it an attractive candidate for future development as an antipsoriatic agent.

原文English
文章編號616
期刊Life
11
發行號7
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2021 七月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生態學、進化論、行為學與系統學
  • 生物化學、遺傳與分子生物學 (全部)
  • 空間與行星科學
  • 古生物學

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