Alcohol and tea consumption are associated with asymptomatic erosive esophagitis in Taiwanese men

Chung Hsin Chang, Cheng Pin Wu, Jung Der Wang, Shou Wu Lee, Chi Sen Chang, Hong Zen Yeh, Chung Wang Ko, Han Chung Lien

研究成果: Article同行評審

17 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Objective Asymptomatic erosive esophagitis (AEE) is commonly found in men, and might be a risk factor of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma. We aimed to determine if specific dietary habits increase the risk of AEE in asymptomatic Taiwanese men. Methods We recruited male adults undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for health check. We excluded subjects with reflux symptoms, or taking anti-reflux medications or drugs that potentially impair lower esophageal sphincter function or cause mucosal injury. The frequency of consuming reflux-provoking diets including alcohol, tea, coffee, tomato/citric juice, chocolate, sweet food, and spicy food was assessed. The erosive esophagitis was diagnosed based on the Los Angeles Classification after endoscopy. Frequent consumption of a specific diet was defined as ≥4 days/week of consuming that diet. Results A total of 1256 participants were recruited. After excluding 424 ineligible subjects, AEE was identified in 180 (22%) among 832 asymptomatic subjects. The risk of AEE increased with the number of days per week of consuming alcohol or tea: nondrinkers (19%, 17%), occasional drinkers (<1 day/week; 19%, 15%), regular drinkers (1-3 days/week; 26%, 21%), frequent drinkers (4-6 days/week; 32%, 22%), and daily drinkers (42%, 28%), respectively (trend test P < 0.001 for both). Multivariate analysis showed that hiatus hernia (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 5.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.6-9.6), drinking alcohol ≥4 days/week (aOR 2.3, 95% CI 1.3-4.0), and drinking tea ≥4 days/week (aOR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.3) are independent risk factors of AEE. The risk of AEE was 3.8 times greater for those drinking both alcohol and tea ≥4 days/week than the non-drinkers. Conclusions Frequent alcohol and tea consumption increased the risk of AEE in Taiwanese men.

原文English
文章編號e0173230
期刊PloS one
12
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2017 三月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 多學科

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