Alleviation of allelochemical juglone-induced phytotoxicity in tobacco plants by proline

Shao Yen Chen, Wen Chang Chi, Ngoc Nam Trinh, Kai Teng Cheng, Yun An Chen, Tzu Chieh Lin, Yu Chi Lin, Li Yao Huang, Hao Jen Huang, Tzen Yuh Chiang

研究成果: Article同行評審

8 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is an important allelochemical in walnut trees (Juglans nigra L.). Its allelopathic potential has been reported in different plant species. We investigated the phytotoxic effects of the allelochemical juglone and the protective role of proline in tobacco seedlings. Juglone inhibited the growth of tobacco seedlings and increased reactive oxygen species content in tobacco roots. Moreover, juglone stress increased proline concentration. The expression of two proline synthesis genes, pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase and ornithine aminotransferase, was upregulated and that of a proline catabolism gene, proline dehydrogenase, was downregulated with juglone treatment in tobacco roots. Furthermore, plants pretreated with proline and then exposed to juglone showed attenuated toxic effects in roots. Proline was able to modulate allelochemical juglone-induced stress in tobacco. In summary, this study suggested that increased proline content in the tobacco seedlings treated with juglone may mitigate the deleterious effect of allelochemical stress in plants by inhibiting reactive oxygen species accumulation.

原文English
頁(從 - 到)167-172
頁數6
期刊Journal of Plant Interactions
10
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2015 一月 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生態學、進化論、行為學與系統學
  • 植物科學

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