Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) has been known as an emerging therapeutic target in autoimmunity-related arthritis. The treatment responses of adenoviral vectors encoding IDO (AdIDO) gene therapy in rat collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) were examined in this study. The therapeutic effects on ankle circumference, articular index, and radiographic and histological scores were evaluated in AdIDO-injected ankle joints. We further determined CD4+ T-cell numbers and their apoptotic status, CD68+ macrophage numbers, kynurenine (a downstream tryptophan metabolite) concentrations, interleukin-17 (IL-17) levels, and retinoic acid-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) expression in synovial tissues of CIA rats receiving AdIDO treatment. Reduction of ankle circumference, articular index, and radiographic and histological scores were noted in AdIDO-treated ankles, as compared with those receiving injection of control vectors. Furthermore, IDO gene transfer led to decreased infiltrating CD4+ T cells with enhanced apoptosis, reduced CD68 + macrophage numbers, increased kynurenine levels, lower IL-17 concentrations, and decreased RORγt expression within the ankle joints. In addition, such a therapy diminished type II collagen-specific IL-17 production and RORγt expression in CD4+ T cells from draining lymph nodes of CIA rats. Our results demonstrate for the first time that intra-articular delivery of IDO gene ameliorated ankle arthritis of CIA rats by induction of CD4+ T-cell apoptosis and reduction of synovial IL-17 production through the supplement of kynurenine. Taken together, these findings implicate the novel strategy of using IDO gene as a therapeutic approach in treating patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology