Purpose: Clinicians face personal barriers that impede the provision of bereavement care and require education in hospice care. This study aims to investigate the effects of an educational bereavement program on emotional and cognitive barriers, self-efficacy, and professional quality of life among clinicians in hospice care. Methods: A pretest–posttest design was implemented. A total of 194 clinicians with working experience in hospice care were recruited. The participants underwent a 12-h workshop. The content included lectures, role-play, and group discussion. Emotional and cognitive barriers, self-efficacy, and professional quality of life were measured before and after the program and at 3-month follow-up. Results: After the educational program, negative emotional barriers (F (2, 386) = 17.07, p < 0.001), lack of ability (F (2, 386) = 20.11, p < 0.001), belief in avoidance (F (2, 386) = 7.10, p = 0.001), outcome expectancy (F (2, 386) = 11.32, p < 0.001), and burnout (F (2, 386) = 5.59, p = 0.005) decreased significantly. Self-efficacy (F (2, 386) = 5.37, p = 0.006) and compassion satisfaction (F (2, 386) = 127.99, p < 0.001) increased significantly. Conclusion: The educational program addressed personal barriers to bereavement care. Role-play and group discussion about emotional and cognitive barriers can reduce barriers and improve self-efficacy in clinicians in hospice care.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes