Torrefaction is a process for upgrading raw biomass into an energy-dense fuel. In this study, an energy analysis was conducted to assess the energy consumption in the production of torrefied microalgal biomass. The functional unit of one kilogram torrefied biomass and a system boundary of cradle-to-gate was used. This includes the life cycle stages of cultivation, harvesting, drying, and torrefaction. To include the varying method for the upstream processes, four different scenarios of torrefied biomass production are considered. The result of the analysis revealed that across all four scenarios, the torrefaction stage had a minimal contribution of 1-20% as compared with other life cycle stages. However, even with very optimistic assumptions among all scenarios, the result of the study shows a large energy deficit on the system due to the high energy consumption involved in the cultivation method and even in the drying process. To minimize energy consumption during the cultivation stage, solar lighting was highly recommended. The use of a solar-assisted drying was also advisable to lessen the energy consumption for the drying stage.
|期刊||IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science|
|出版狀態||Published - 2020 四月 6|
|事件||International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Green Technology 2019, SEGT 2019 - Bangkok, Thailand|
持續時間: 2019 十二月 11 → 2019 十二月 14
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)