An examination of age-related differences in attentional control by systems factorial technology

Cheng Ta Yang, Shulan Hsieh, Cheng Ju Hsieh, Mario Fifić, Yen Ting Yu, Chun Hao Wang

研究成果: Review article

1 引文 (Scopus)

摘要

A recent study by Ben-David et al. (2014) indicated that older adults process redundant targets with a larger workload capacity than younger adults, even though older adults exhibit generally slower response times (RTs). To investigate the organization of mental processes that underlie age-related differences, we conducted four experiments with redundant-target tasks. In a series of discrimination-type redundant-target tasks (Experiments 1–3), we replicated the age-related capacity advantage; however, the differences were eliminated in a detection-type redundant-target task (Experiment 4). Our results supported the distractor inhibition account, which suggests that age-related differences were due to less efficiency in attentional control to resolve the response conflict when making discrimination decisions. Moreover, we conducted a simulation using a Poisson parallel interactive model, which assumes an inhibitory interaction between two parallel channels that is a result of a limited attentional capacity. An analysis of the model's predictions indicated the two key findings that may account for the age-related capacity differences: the older adults (1) processed the redundant targets with a higher decision criterion (i.e., more conservative in decision-making) and (2) exhibited a greater violation of context invariance (i.e., less degree of controlled attention in dealing with the response conflict). The extensive modeling analyses highlighted the effect of a decline in attentional control on age-related differences in workload capacity.

原文English
文章編號102280
期刊Journal of Mathematical Psychology
92
DOIs
出版狀態Published - 2019 十月 1

指紋

Factorial
Workload
Decision Making
Technology
Mental Processes
Target
Decision making
Reaction Time
Young Adult
Experiments
Discrimination
Invariance
Efficiency
Experiment
Prediction Model
Response Time
Resolve
Siméon Denis Poisson
Conflict (Psychology)
Discrimination (Psychology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

引用此文

@article{6936dff3b9524383a67cf31d15845e63,
title = "An examination of age-related differences in attentional control by systems factorial technology",
abstract = "A recent study by Ben-David et al. (2014) indicated that older adults process redundant targets with a larger workload capacity than younger adults, even though older adults exhibit generally slower response times (RTs). To investigate the organization of mental processes that underlie age-related differences, we conducted four experiments with redundant-target tasks. In a series of discrimination-type redundant-target tasks (Experiments 1–3), we replicated the age-related capacity advantage; however, the differences were eliminated in a detection-type redundant-target task (Experiment 4). Our results supported the distractor inhibition account, which suggests that age-related differences were due to less efficiency in attentional control to resolve the response conflict when making discrimination decisions. Moreover, we conducted a simulation using a Poisson parallel interactive model, which assumes an inhibitory interaction between two parallel channels that is a result of a limited attentional capacity. An analysis of the model's predictions indicated the two key findings that may account for the age-related capacity differences: the older adults (1) processed the redundant targets with a higher decision criterion (i.e., more conservative in decision-making) and (2) exhibited a greater violation of context invariance (i.e., less degree of controlled attention in dealing with the response conflict). The extensive modeling analyses highlighted the effect of a decline in attentional control on age-related differences in workload capacity.",
author = "Yang, {Cheng Ta} and Shulan Hsieh and Hsieh, {Cheng Ju} and Mario Fifić and Yu, {Yen Ting} and Wang, {Chun Hao}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jmp.2019.102280",
language = "English",
volume = "92",
journal = "Journal of Mathematical Psychology",
issn = "0022-2496",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An examination of age-related differences in attentional control by systems factorial technology

AU - Yang, Cheng Ta

AU - Hsieh, Shulan

AU - Hsieh, Cheng Ju

AU - Fifić, Mario

AU - Yu, Yen Ting

AU - Wang, Chun Hao

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - A recent study by Ben-David et al. (2014) indicated that older adults process redundant targets with a larger workload capacity than younger adults, even though older adults exhibit generally slower response times (RTs). To investigate the organization of mental processes that underlie age-related differences, we conducted four experiments with redundant-target tasks. In a series of discrimination-type redundant-target tasks (Experiments 1–3), we replicated the age-related capacity advantage; however, the differences were eliminated in a detection-type redundant-target task (Experiment 4). Our results supported the distractor inhibition account, which suggests that age-related differences were due to less efficiency in attentional control to resolve the response conflict when making discrimination decisions. Moreover, we conducted a simulation using a Poisson parallel interactive model, which assumes an inhibitory interaction between two parallel channels that is a result of a limited attentional capacity. An analysis of the model's predictions indicated the two key findings that may account for the age-related capacity differences: the older adults (1) processed the redundant targets with a higher decision criterion (i.e., more conservative in decision-making) and (2) exhibited a greater violation of context invariance (i.e., less degree of controlled attention in dealing with the response conflict). The extensive modeling analyses highlighted the effect of a decline in attentional control on age-related differences in workload capacity.

AB - A recent study by Ben-David et al. (2014) indicated that older adults process redundant targets with a larger workload capacity than younger adults, even though older adults exhibit generally slower response times (RTs). To investigate the organization of mental processes that underlie age-related differences, we conducted four experiments with redundant-target tasks. In a series of discrimination-type redundant-target tasks (Experiments 1–3), we replicated the age-related capacity advantage; however, the differences were eliminated in a detection-type redundant-target task (Experiment 4). Our results supported the distractor inhibition account, which suggests that age-related differences were due to less efficiency in attentional control to resolve the response conflict when making discrimination decisions. Moreover, we conducted a simulation using a Poisson parallel interactive model, which assumes an inhibitory interaction between two parallel channels that is a result of a limited attentional capacity. An analysis of the model's predictions indicated the two key findings that may account for the age-related capacity differences: the older adults (1) processed the redundant targets with a higher decision criterion (i.e., more conservative in decision-making) and (2) exhibited a greater violation of context invariance (i.e., less degree of controlled attention in dealing with the response conflict). The extensive modeling analyses highlighted the effect of a decline in attentional control on age-related differences in workload capacity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072045450&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072045450&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jmp.2019.102280

DO - 10.1016/j.jmp.2019.102280

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85072045450

VL - 92

JO - Journal of Mathematical Psychology

JF - Journal of Mathematical Psychology

SN - 0022-2496

M1 - 102280

ER -