Anaerobic treatment is applied as an alternative to traditional aerobic treatment for recalcitrant compound degradation. This review highlighted the recalcitrant compounds in wastewaters and their pathways under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Forty-one recalcitrant compounds commonly found in wastewater along with associated anaerobic removal performance were summarized from current research. Anaerobic degradability of wastewater could not be appropriately evaluated by BOD/COD ratio, which should only be suitable for determining aerobic degradability. Recalcitrant wastewaters with a low BOD/COD ratio may be handled by anaerobic treatments after the adaption and provision of sufficient electron donors. Novel indicator characterizing the anaerobic recalcitrance of wastewater is called for, essential for emergent needs to resource recovery from high-strength recalcitrant wastewater for fulfilling appeals of circular bioeconomy of modern societies.
|出版狀態||Published - 2022 11月|
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