Anaerobic recalcitrance in wastewater treatment: A review

Wei Wang, Jo Shu Chang, Kuan Yeow Show, Duu Jong Lee

研究成果: Review article同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Anaerobic treatment is applied as an alternative to traditional aerobic treatment for recalcitrant compound degradation. This review highlighted the recalcitrant compounds in wastewaters and their pathways under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Forty-one recalcitrant compounds commonly found in wastewater along with associated anaerobic removal performance were summarized from current research. Anaerobic degradability of wastewater could not be appropriately evaluated by BOD/COD ratio, which should only be suitable for determining aerobic degradability. Recalcitrant wastewaters with a low BOD/COD ratio may be handled by anaerobic treatments after the adaption and provision of sufficient electron donors. Novel indicator characterizing the anaerobic recalcitrance of wastewater is called for, essential for emergent needs to resource recovery from high-strength recalcitrant wastewater for fulfilling appeals of circular bioeconomy of modern societies.

期刊Bioresource technology
出版狀態Published - 2022 11月

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物工程
  • 環境工程
  • 可再生能源、永續發展與環境
  • 廢物管理和處置


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